Ser is used to talk about permanent or lasting attributes.If this general rule is too vague for you, think of the acronym DOCTOR, which stands for Descriptions, Occupations, Characteristics, Time, Origin, and Relationships. While both ser and estar can translate to to be in English, they aren't interchangeable in Spanish. This lesson examines the other Spanish verb for “to be”: estar. The Spanish verb ser is usually used to describe traits that are permanent. Web. But it will fail you at times. Estar is used to indicate temporary states and locations . Like porand para, ser and estar can be very tricky for learners. Está muy húmedo. Difference Between Ser and Estar . Differences Between Ser and Estar. 22 Nov 2020. Which of those three is the more permanent. ;o). If the meaning of the verb is to be held or to take place, make sure you use ser. Deciding when to use estar. (taking place) (origin) Mónica está en Venezuela. You are very beautiful in that wedding dress. Check out the difference in the following two examples: In this first example, notice how we use ser for descriptions that are physical traits, which should not, under normal circumstances, change. Using the Verb Estar . Estar is commonly used to talk about location, either permanent or changeable. In short, estar relates to the state of an object or person. To describe location, or where something is located right now, use estar. The place you are is a temporary condition. In the first example, notice how the focus is on the actual action of the family cooking the soup: In this second example, we’ll use estar because the focus is on the resulting state of the soup, that is that it has been cooked and is ready to be eaten. Ser is used to indicate permanent (or at least long term) attributes of a noun. If you were saying that Madrid is in Spain, you'd use "está" because it's a location rather than just stating a fact of identification. A much better paradigm is to think of it as how something is defined vs. the state/condition something is in. Estar is used to indicate temporary states. Good question mate , Soy ( ser ) de Madrid, - I am from Madrid , I guess wherever I am I am still from Madrid , but the location of Caracas is Venezuela ( estar ) A Spanish native will come along and explain better than I have. Estar and Ser are both Spanish verbs that can be loosely translated into English as “to be.” While estar is used to describe temporary conditions, ser is used to describe permanent states. If you say coffee is wonderful, you use ser- by definition coffee is wonderful. Add to Notebook 9 questions. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... Ser vs estar 10 Terms. Most Spanish language learners want to pull their hair out when deciding whether to use seror estar. These attributes can be remembered using the acronym PLACE: Position, Location, Action, Condition and Emotion.These include whether someone is sitting or standing, where they are currently located, what they are currently doing, and physical, mental and emotional states like tired or sad. Although an event takes place at a physical location, when speaking about events occurring at a specific point in time , you should use ser . So always use estar to complement the chef- you want to imply that the chef put it in that state, not that it was intrinsically good to begin with. Sandra is confused because she doesn't know how to get to the restaurant. While it can be confusing, we have some quick tips that will alleviate your headache and make you more confident when differentiating between these two tricky verbs. Although estar typically is used to describe where a person or thing is located, when speaking of events ser must be used. If you read this far, you should follow us: "Estar vs Ser." Using Estar for Location. In the second example, we used estar with the adjective confundidabecause Sandra’s confusion is a non-permanent condition; today, Sandra is confused while finding her way to the restaurant, but she may not still be confused tomorrow. Nice time to point that one could argue that a broken thing is by definition broken, but as I stated above, you have to use the paradigm as the Spanish speaking world does, not with your own inner logic. Estar is usually used to describe where a person or thing is physically located. For example: We hope that these tips will help you feel more confident when using ser or estar. Yo estoy enfermo. Even though they spend a lot longer green, and if you dont eat them, some time black and mushy. Estar is often used to talk about temporary states of being. You use the verb estar to describe the changing characteristics of a person, place, or thing, but figuring out when that rule applies can be easier said than done. The following lists help you know when to use estar:. LOCATION. Madalyn_Daniel. The verbs take different forms depending upon the context. http://www.spanishdict.com/answers/100040/ser-and-estar, http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/serest1.htm, Position, Location, Action, Condition and Emotion (PLACE), Description, Occupation, Characteristic, Time, Origin and Relationship (DOCTOR). If you say an apple is green using ser, you imply that is the type of apple it is (by definition is it green)- it is a variety that is green when it is ripe. As defined by Spanish speakers as a whole. Thanks 'bosquederoble' for your comprehensive explanation. Conversely, the physical location of a party is definitely a part of the party’s identity. Events, on the other hand, usually have their whole existence tied to a single place, so they "are" there until they're no more. Ella está en casa. If you say the cup of coffee in your hands is wonderful, that is its state, someone made it that way- estar. I am studying ser/estar at the moment and am confused with regards to location which I understand is temporary and comes under estar but I have completed some exercises recently where the phrase 'Madrid es la capital de Espana' (ser) and another phrase 'Caracas esta en Venezuela' which ties in with the location part of estar. On the other hand, estar is used to refer to conditions that are temporary. they become associated with the short period of time in which the speaker is using them, when you’re talking about the action taken on something or someone, when you’re talking about someone or something’s state, we are referring to the particular churro that will only exist for that point in time. The soup was cooked by the Sanchez family. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Using ‘Estar’ and ‘Haber’ for ‘There Is’ and ‘There Are’, Two Verbs Meaning ‘To Be’: ‘Ser’ and ‘Estar’, Differences Between "Haber" and "Estar" in Spanish, The Difference Between Spanish Verbs "Saber" and "Conocer", Using the Spanish ‘Estar’ With Prepositions. Ser and estar both mean to be and are used frequently in daily Spanish communication. Ser is used to describe qualities and characteristics, in the passive with ser + participle and in connection with adverbs of time. If you were saying that Madrid is in Spain, you'd use "está" because it's a location rather than just stating a fact of identification. Our lists help you learn which words and expressions are followed by ser or estar. Estar describes temporary conditions, location, the present progressive. Although this question has already been correctly answered, I just want to address some of the thought processes in ser vs. estar, in light of the use of the word temporary above. Although an event takes place at a physical location, when speaking about events occurring at a specific point in time, you should use ser. This first tip is the guiding rule for figuring out when to use ser and estar. The verb estar has many uses! Usually, for location you use "estar" because at one moment you're at one place but later you can be somewhere else. One key to remember which verb to use is to note that if the verb can be translated as "to take place" or "to be held," ser must be used. Although both are verbs for "to be," estar and ser are seldom interchangeable, and that is true especially when they are used for location. We are at the café right now and we will be at the movie theatre in 20 minutes. (The terms aren't being used in a grammatical sense here.) Spanish 3 11 Terms. Let’s take a look at a couple of examples: In the first example, the speaker uses estar to indicate the location of the exam, where the exam being referred to is the physical collection of papers with questions on them. Sometimes, the meaning or even translation of the verb's subject can change depending on the whether ser or estar is used: The two other verbs most often used to specify a location or ubicar and situar, which for this purpose are typically used in the form of estar + past participle. One way to think of the differences between ser and estar is to think of ser as the "passive" verb and estar as the "active" one. This article covers locations. Estar is usually used to describe where a person or thing is physically located. Ser and estar 11 Terms. (location) La fiesta es en la casa de Mónica. Ser and estar 11 Terms. The more you practice, the easier it will be for you to choose the right verb!
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