principles of teaching

�2���J�^�w�U�M���� ~�tr���mn�d�w���� y��_&�.��� i٭{֪�[�3��YbalG���7X�M�֯:�e�j�6R��#���]L���5�-:����5!��\P"�D;�O�(�\�Of���@�Mה�:f���m�^���y��mސz��.�����8XW1ŦM "�b��s�l'Ts�^zcY�\���,�Ҫ�S�$����H�+��R�� �Ŋ��)ն��U'�E������6��s,LY ��r�Bˍm��]n l�T��`��VܪKӫ��"nȸ!Ĉg�H��fإEcOƏ�l� g�Щ�Mz�mSD��71�p_xHTv� This section introduces some key concepts from the cognitive and educational research literatures and presents a concise set of seven principles on how students learn. The following pages describe each teaching principle in detail with examples of how the principle is applied in the classroom and with Sakai. Effective teaching involves prioritizing the knowledge, skills and attitudes we choose to focus on. 11. 6. INTRODUCTION: Teaching Approach, Strategy, Method and Technique 129. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. (help students organize their knowledge.). Learn more. Try this amazing Principles Of Teaching 1 quiz which has been attempted 2007 times by avid quiz takers. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Encourage active learning. Small, purposeful changes driven by feedback and our priorities are most likely to be manageable and effective. Interlanguage:  Second language learners generally follow a systematic process, during which they need feedback (teacher, peer and self) to eliminate logic errors and achieve competence. Risk-Taking: Taking a gamble and experimenting with language slightly “beyond” what is certain or known promotes language development and growth. Faculty and staff from several disciplines met bi-weekly to research and discuss effective teaching. The argument of this post is that teaching is a lot more than that. The focus of the summary list of principles laid out by Brophy was effective teaching. Help Students Organize Their Knowledge. •Teaching Method- a systematic way of doing something. Teaching Approach- a set of principles, beliefs or ideas about the nature of learning which is translated into the classroom. Immediate feedback (provide timely feedback and faculty-student interaction) can be given. While implementing these principles requires a commitment in time and effort, it often saves time and energy later on. What’s teaching grammar as a communicative resource? As a result, students’ expectations may not match ours. �3=d`hҢ�}Ȟ/(������=���=���|����4������6B2��1~ۮ;V�,���ž�z��8��H������%�{Q���`�. Coverage is the enemy: Don’t try to do too much in a single course. !��M�OO�O )�F�\���#�fV}� ���Ds��R9s"1W�=���H�"���ZS4Ѝ���F�ߙ �G���B@N �K%�ΆЕ=FR^��������M�jK|o�,�:v_����{΁rW A variety of student characteristics can affect learning. There is amazing variation in what is expected of students across American classrooms and even within a given discipline. Students' prior knowledge can help or hinder learning. Embed. When we teach, we do not just teach the content, we teach students the content. They need instructors to break tasks into component steps, explain connections explicitly, and model processes in detail. The answers can be derived from reading course materials and studying narrated PowerPoint slides (focus attention and connect knowledge.) Although we cannot adequately measure all of these characteristics, gathering the most relevant information as early as possible in course planning and continuing to do so during the semester can (a) inform course design (e.g., decisions about objectives, pacing, examples, format), (b) help explain student difficulties (e.g., identification of common misconceptions), and (c) guide instructional adaptations (e.g., recognition of the need for additional practice). The list is derived, in part, from a study co-sponsored by the American Association for Higher Education and the Education Commission of the States (AAHE Bulletin, March 1987). <>>> Effective teaching involves acquiring relevant knowledge about students and using that knowledge to inform our course design and classroom teaching. This new identity can be fragile and defensive. 4 0 obj This learner-centered perspective is a hallmark of the Eberly Center’s approach to teaching. endobj We can take on a variety of roles in our teaching (e.g., synthesizer, moderator, challenger, commentator). Knowing what and how to change requires us to examine relevant information on our own teaching effectiveness. Principles Teaching Strategies Pedagogical Model Vision for Learning All students are empowered to learn and achieve, experiencing high quality teaching practice and the best conditions for learning which equip them with the knowledge, skills and dispositions for lifelong learning and shaping Teaching is a mix of things. Balance High Expectations With Student Support, 9. For example, an instructor can post problems or homework online (create an active learning environment) to be submitted prior to a traditional or online class session (help students manage their time.) This involves (a) recognizing the parameters of the course (e.g., class size, students’ backgrounds and experiences, course position in the curriculum sequence, number of course units), (b) setting our priorities for student learning, and (c) determining a set of objectives that can be reasonably accomplished. The following small but powerful set of principles can make teaching both more effective and more efficient, by helping us create the conditions that support student learning and minimize the need for revising materials, content, and policies. We need to continually reflect on our teaching and be ready to make changes when appropriate (e.g., something is not working, we want to try something new, the student population has changed, or there are emerging issues in our fields). He was the president of International TESOL from 1980 to 1981, and in 2001 he received TESOL’s James E. Alatis Award for Distinguished Service. Instruction must aim at organizational, pragmatic and strategic competence as well as pronunciation, intonation and stress. %���� This section identifies a set of seven principles for effective teaching. Further, the instructor could pose a question to all students, such as "Why is the information relevant?" Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 The Pittsburgh Science of Learning Center is currently conducting research on a related set of principles. We are not our students! Strategic Investment: Success in learning is dependent on the time and effort learners spend in mastering the language learning process according to their ability. As experts, we tend to access and apply knowledge automatically and unconsciously (e.g., make connections, draw on relevant bodies of knowledge, and choose appropriate strategies) and so we often skip or combine critical steps when we teach.

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