The GRADE quality assessment varied from very low to moderate across the studies.Primary outcomesNo study reported on the 'attainment of specific parenting skill targets'. This finding is important given that parental SUD is consistently linked to poorer child outcomes. Parenting perceptions and social supports of mothers with cognitive disabilities (Ehlers-Flint, 2002). Parents and parenting with intellectual disabilities: An expanding field of research. While, there are many models for work around supporting parents with. Parents with intellectual disability in Germany: Results of a nation-wide study (Pixa-Kettner, 1998). Using data from the 2014 National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System dataset, parents with emotional disturbances, developmental disabilities, learning disabilities, physical disabilities, medical conditions and multiple disabilities were all found to have higher odds of substantiation of child maltreatment after being reported to child protection in comparison to parents without disabilities after controlling for demographic and risk factors. Identified the views of mothers with learning difficulties about types of support they receive. The article discusses the potential uses of this model, including as a standalone planning process, a part of the ongoing provision of supports, or as a support for referral from child protection services. The, odds of a service referral mismatch for parents with a domestic violence, problem were almost equal for parents with and without intellectual, This study examines substantiated cases of child maltreatment in-, volving parents with intellectual disabilities in the U.S. However, substantiation rates did not change as a result of DR implementation. Parents with learning difficulties in the child protection system. Self-reported health survey. High levels of psychosocial stress were found in the qualitative sample group. An evaluation of the initiative indicated that it had been positive for building the capacity of support services for parents with intellectual disability; and that parenting programs provided as part of the initiative were effective in enhancing parenting skills (Healthy Start, 2008a, 2008b, 2008c). Parenting with intellectual disability in Germany: Results of a new nationwide study. Intimate partner violence against women with disabilities: Implications for disability service system case management practice. Home-, which may get in the way of creating a quorum for an agency, Lewis, Stenfert-Kroese, and O'Brien (2015), c ways in which specialists were used most ef-, Singh, Piescher, LaLiberte, Lightfoot, & Hong, 2012, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.02.003, Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 10, nancial vulnerability of people with dis-, Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 28, Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-1130.2004.04032.x, culties: Comparative prevalence and outcomes in an English and, http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/research-. There are many other factors that will influence a parent with an intellectual disability's capacity to provide adequate care to their children. Self-reported maternal health of mothers with intellectual limitations was significantly worse than women's health in the Australian population (derived from the Australian Bureau of Statistics National Health Survey, 1995). Key factors of neglect acknowledged in the literature highlight how it is a passive rather than an active form of abuse; it is chronic in nature; and neglectful families often face multiple problems (NSW Department of Community Services, 2005b). These data show that there were 843,700 children living with a parent with a disability in 1998, equating to 18% of all children in Australia. Findings indicate that 12% (N = 53 234) of maltreatment reports involved C/P SUD. Increased risk for, mental illness, injuries and violence in children born to mothers with intellectual, disability: A register study in Sweden during 1999. Third, data about a range of the health, education and social ser-, vices that can be provided to families involved in a child maltreatment, case via a child protection caseworker's referral are discussed. Parenting education programs. Identified factors that encouraged or hindered the involvement of parents with learning disabilities in the assessment process. Booth and colleagues (2004) concluded that parents with intellectual disability meet with a presumption of incompetence that too easily leads to their child being deemed to be at risk of harm. to parents with intellectual disabilities in substantiated cases are very. Less is known about the association of specific caregiver vulnerabilities and the risk of other CM types or how these vulnerabilities are related to child harm. USA.gov. Cases involving parents with intellectual disabilities were more likely to involve psychological or emotional abuse, but not other types of abuse and neglect. only 3 studies used a comparison group and 4 compared sample data from general population norms; several studies did not include detailed descriptions of their methodology; parent samples mainly included mothers with intellectual disabilities, excluding fathers; samples were recruited through support agencies - this means studies may present an inaccurate picture of the broader population of parents with intellectual disability; studies predominantly relied on small sample sizes; and. Experiences and perspectives. Results: Parents with IDD are generally over-represented within CPS; however, this representation is dependent upon the comparison group utilized and other risk factors. The experiences and outcomes of children in foster. However, without a comparison group it is not possible to say if parents with intellectual disability struggle more or less than other parents. intellectual disabilities: Cross sectional study. No comparison group was used. Case file reviews of court proceedings in Leeds and Sheffield in the year 2000. magnitudes of odds ratios in epidemiological studies. Interpreting the. © 2020 Australian Institute of Family Studies. Cognitive limitations vary from individual to individual. Many parents with intellectual disabilities will be able to provide sufficient and supportive care to their children, however others will need additional support and training. Journal of Social Work in Disability and Rehabilitation, Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3148.2008.00449.x, Journal of the American Medical Association. Parenting stress and child, behaviour problems among parents with intellectual disabilities: The bu, Moore, D., Greer, B. G., & Li, L. (1994). Of children who were removed from the family home, there was no evidence that the learning disability in itself was the reason children were removed. However, when reporting study findings the terminology used by the researchers is retained. Ummer-Christian R, Iacono T, Grills N, Pradhan A, Hughes N, Gussy M. Res Dev Disabil. In a literature review of mental illness and intellectual disability, Hudson and Chan (2002) found evidence of depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, personality disorder psychosis and schizophrenia. They also found that support mainly came from their families and that if such support broke down, mothers were particularly vulnerable. 2017 Jan;30(1):121-132. doi: 10.1111/jar.12225. Mash, E. J., & Wolfe, D. A. The first international, cross-disciplinary book to explore and understand the lives of parents with intellectual disabilities, their children, and the systems and services they encounter. Logistic regression models of utilization were conducted. Compared assessments for children who lived with a parent with learning disabilities with children who did not. Older research has suggested that parents with intellectual disabilities may struggle to cope if their children have complex medical and educational needs (Gilberg & Geiger-Karlsson, 1993). Reasons for this include better opportunities for community living, the banning of involuntary sterilisation and repeal of anti-discrimination laws (Feldman et al., 1997; McConnell & Llewellyn, 2002). UK study Investigated the impact of social support networks of mothers with intellectual disabilities on their psychological wellbeing. (1999). Most individual types of caregiver vulnerabilities were associated with increased odds of child mental or emotional harm across all child age groups. How big is a big odds ratio? McConnell, D., Llewellyn, G., Matthews, J., Hindmarsh, G., Mildon, R., & Wade, C. (2006). pairment and child maltreatment in Canada. This was, surprising, given that prior studies have found risks of recurrence in the, searchers to study, for example, recidivism in the child protection, system and the prevalence of child maltreatment in the United States, Data submitted to NCANDS are reviewed for reliability, validity and, missing information.
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