chilli cultivation pdf

Some of the varieties used for commercial chilli cultivation are: The land for cultivation of chillies are ploughed 2-3 times and brought to a fine tilth. But the Main thing – After how many days / weeks older – 1. 127 0 obj <> endobj The raw fruits are light green in color and tapering at the tip. Highly pungent variety with short fruits. 0000029645 00000 n They bore flowers ? Grown in North Indian states like Jammu-Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. The seeds are treated with Pseudomonas fluorescens (10 grams per Kg of seeds). The best way to check the development and spread is to use resistant strains for sowing and conduct regular manual inspection. It is commonly added as an ingredient in foods to make the preparation spicy. Neem Seed Kernel Extract is applied for controlling thrips and mites. How many days to become the fruit. 0000159187 00000 n Fruits are red colored and highly pungent. Capsicums are marketed throughout the year in Western Australia. Chilli is a tropical and sub-tropical plant requiring a combination of warm, humid yet dry weather. <<74D2D51C6F23004A99394C0EED8C4778>]/Prev 357111>> 0000006084 00000 n Chilli seeds are commonly grown in nurseries and the seedlings are transplanted. %%EOF %%EOF The tip is blunt and the chillies appear glossy. 0000008889 00000 n The crops are ready for harvest within 210 days and they yield 7 tonnes per acre. 127 52 Your Email I accept the privacy policy. Your Name. Dry chilli average yield varies from 7.5 to 10 quintals per acre. It’s origins are traced to Mexico and it is used worldwide both as an ingredient in food preparations and medicines. After sowing the seeds are covered with coco peat and watered everyday till it germinates. It cannot tolerate acidic nor alkaline soil. In addition, spraying Trichoderma and Pseudomonas species would help prevent disease spread. 0000005879 00000 n 60-day PHI. A neutral soil pH between 6.5 and 7.5 is well-suited for chilli cultivation. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. 1 Kg of Azotobacter or Azospirillum is mixed with 50 Kg of farm yard manure. Glyphosate (various formulations) 0000158826 00000 n Mr. Reddy-March 13, 2016. The intercrop distance is maintained at 45 cm during plantation. 0000003497 00000 n … In addition, 2 tonnes of vermicompost is added on per acre basis. 0 100 Kg neem cake per acre helps keep root grubs away. Etc are not covered. What is the quantity required for each wetting (per acre). Use shields or hooded sprayers if applying to row middles, and prevent contact with plastic mulch. 0000160184 00000 n According to the variety, climatic conditions, soil and growth conditions, fresh chilli yield varies from 30-40 quintal per acre. In other words, unlike in other plants the flowers of chilli droop down and hang like pendants. 20 mL of formalin is mixed with a liter of water before applying directly on soil. How many wettings are required? 0000020216 00000 n They may be used fresh, in pickles, sauces, salsa, pizzas, flavouring or pastes. If they are planted as summer crops then January-February months are chosen. 0000159087 00000 n 0000036604 00000 n 0000108515 00000 n 0000047595 00000 n 0000020777 00000 n Hence, the flower and fruit may drop off. 3. Chillies are the most important spice crop in the world. It is developed through pure line selection from Assam typeB72A. 0000036093 00000 n The green fruit is plucked for preparing chilli pickles. Chili Breeding Guide. The variety is tolerant towards pests and diseases. In case of conventional farming, soil sterilization is carried out using formalin. Similarly, if the flowers seem weak or exhibit not enough vigor, irrigating the crop would help. Oleoresin is extracted from chillies and exported to the European countries. Sowing months are May to June for Kharif crop, September to October for Rabi crops. Retaining them in the plant for a longer period of time can cause color fading and wrinkles. 0000000016 00000 n 0000015476 00000 n 0000018249 00000 n Use any service or information given here at your own risk. ���L�§�E�$��ڒ. Chillies are crops that cannot withstand a lot of water. It also serves as an additional income to farmers. 0000003532 00000 n ���ut400wt U�F�8p���Q�bM ��p�����ᒘ'�m�J. is it Available…? The fruits are medium-sized with a bulging base. 0000007313 00000 n Temperature range of 20⁰-25⁰C is ideal for chilli growth. The publication provides information that will help producers improve the profitability of pepper production, whether they are new or experienced producers. 0000001136 00000 n Similarly in case of heavy rain the plant defoliates and starts rotting. In India chilli has various local names like lanka, mirchi etc. Green chillies can be plucked 8-10 times while ripe ones are plucked 5-6 times. 0000001760 00000 n 0000035696 00000 n 0000007412 00000 n However, at the time of ploughing, the soil must be sterilized properly so that diseases affecting the plants are kept in check. Chillies can be cultivated both as Kharif and Rabi crop. 0000001540 00000 n The seeds are then mixed with Azospirillum (200 grams per Kg) and shade dried for half hour. Here you can find more topics about chili: This might also interest you. However, a dry weather is suitable for fruit maturity. At 37⁰C or higher the fruit development is affected. There is an increasing demand in Australia for new ways of using chillies for culinary use. 0000147004 00000 n Various high yielding, disease resistant varieties have been developed by research institutes and different organizations. Developed by TNAU, Coimbatore the fruits are 12 cm long. are the major pests of chilli farming. 21 0 obj<>stream 0000019295 00000 n x�b```f``9���� p�A��X����cô� ��b6��6 )a�KѸ��f�j#�����DJ��5e�00 0000111251 00000 n

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